我们以南非为例

南非消费的所有商品的生产价格指数(PPI)。所有指数都是以生产点的生产者价格为基础的,以南非生产的商品为例。生产者价格指数有两种类型的指数。第一,产出指数,衡量生产者收到的价格变化。第二,用来衡量生产成本(不包括劳动力和资本成本)变化的输入指数。输入指数:输入指数衡量生产成本(不包括劳动力和折旧成本)的价格变化。投入指标包括:材料、燃料和电力、交通和通信、佣金和合同服务、土地、建筑物、车辆和设备的租赁和租赁、商业服务、保险费减去索赔。投入指标中不包括:工资和薪金(以劳动力成本指数计)、资本支出。/折旧(以资本货物价格指数计量)、应计税款、土地税、政府许可费、道路使用费、费率、特许权使用费、专利费、坏账和捐赠。

The Production Price Index (PPI) for all commodities for South Africanconsumption. All indices are based on producer prices at the point of productionin the case of commodities produced in South Africa.The Producers Price Index has two types of indexes. First, the output indexeswhich measure changes in the prices received by producers. Second, the inputindexes which measure changes in the cost of production (excluding labour andcapital costs).Inputs indexes: The input indexes measure price changes in costs of productionexcluding labour and depreciation costs. The input indexes cover the prices of:Materials, Fuels and electricity, Transport and communication, Commission andcontract services, Rent and lease of land, buildings, vehicles and plant,Business services, Insurance premiums less claims.Excluded from the inputs indexes are:Wages and salaries (measured in the LabourCost Index),Capital expenditure/depreciation (measured in the Capital GoodsPrice Index),ACC levies,land tax, government licence fees,road user charges,Rates, Royalties, patent fees, Bad debts and donations.

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